State Profile

Description

Assam, the gateway to the North East India is the largest State in the North East is bordering seven states viz. Arunachal Pradesh, Monipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and West Bengal and two countries viz. Bangladesh & Bhutan. The State is endowed with abundant fertile land and water resources with total geographical area of 78,438 sq.km. of which 98.4 % area is rural. Assam shares about 2.4 % of the country’s total geographical area and provides shelter to 2.6 % population of the country. Most of the state population lives in the lush valleys of its two major river system in the 30 districts of the Brahmaputra valley & 3 districts of the Barak valley. Less densely populated three hill districts viz. Karbi-Along, West Karbi-Along & Dima Hasao, set in the low-laying hills that separate the two valleys. For administrative and revenue purposes, the state  has 33 districts including four districts Under the Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC) area viz. Kokrajhar, Chirang, Baska & Udalguri and 6 newly created districts viz., Biswanath, Charaideo, Hojai, South Salmara-Macachar ,  West Karbi-Anglong and Majuli.
The State has been blessed bountiful by nature. The mighty Brahmaputra truncating the state, the Barak river in the south and their tributaries provide abundant water resource; the dense forest cover is home to a wide range of valuable timber, bamboo & medical plants; the state reserve of oil and natural gas; the fertile valleys & hills lopes nourish tea gardens and horticultural crops while the rich and fertile soil lend itself to raising vital food-grains.
Assam is administratively divided into 33 district with 80 sub-division, 219 Development Blocks and 2202 Gaon Panchayats, out of which 3 districts with 4 sub-divisions & 16 Development Blocks are under three hill districts of Karbi-Along, East Karbi-Along & Dima Hasao. Further, four district with eight sub-divisions are under Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC) area viz Kokrajhar, Chirang, Baska & Udalguri. The Brahmaputra valley consists of North Bank Plains Zone (NBPZ), Upper Brahmaputra valley Zone (UBVZ), Central Brahmaputra valley Zone (CBVZ) and Lower Brahmaputra Valley Zone (LBVZ), whereas the Barak Valley Zone mainly consists of plain area of three districts, viz. Cachar, Karimganj & Hailakandi.
The State is severely affected by floods during rainy seasons causing enormous damage to crops, livestock, land, property & bringing untold miseries to the people at large. Both the Brahmaputra and Barak Valley witness devastating floods every year, which not only washes away valuable life & crops, but also lead to bank erosion and drainage congestion, virtually destroy the economy, more particularly, the rural economy of the State. 
Assam has heterogeneous population with socio-cultural & ethnic diversity. According to the Census of India, 2011 the population of Assam stands at 312.05 lakh of which 159.39 lakh are male and 152.66 lakh are female. The decadal growth of the State’s population works out at 17.07 percent during the decade 2001-2011 as against 17.68 percent for the country as a whole. Out of the total 312.05 lakh population, 86 percent population live in rural areas & 14 percent population live in urban areas of the State. The density of the population of Assam has increased to 398 persons in 2011 from 340 persons in 2001 Census or on an average, 58 more people inhabit every square kilometer in the State as compared to a decade ago.

ASSAM AT A GLANCE 2016

Geographical Location-

 

Latitude:

24 N° - 28 N°

Longitude:

90 E° - 96 E°

Geographical Area (Sq. Km.):

78438

Average Rainfall (in mm):

2077.8

Districts [Year 2016]:

33

Sub-dividions [Year 2016]:

80

Blocks:

219

Revenue Circle:

184

Zilla Parishad:

20

Anchalik Panchayat:

189

Gaon Panchayat:

2202

Towns:

214

Villages:

26395

Household:

6406471

Total Population [Census 2011]:

31205576

Male Population [Census 2011]:

15939443

Female Population [Census 2011]:

15266133

Rural Population [Census 2011]:

26807034

Urban Population [Census 2011]:

4398542

Sex Ratio (female per 1000 male) [Census 2011]:

958

Population Density (per Sq. Km.) [Census 2011]:

398

Child Population (0-6 Years) [Census 2011]:

4638130

Child Sex Ratio (0-6 Years) [Census 2011]:

962

Literacy Rate (%) [Census 2011]:

72.19

Literacy Rate (%) (Rural) [Census 2011]:

69.34

Literacy Rate (%) (Urban) [Census 2011]:

88.47

Male Literacy Rate (%) [Census 2011]:

77.85

Male Literacy Rate (Rural) [Census 2011]:

75.4

Male Literacy Rate (Urban) [Census 2011]:

91.8

Female Literacy Rate (%) [Census 2011]:

66.27

Female Literacy Rate (Rural) [Census 2011]:

63.0

Female Literacy Rate (Urban) [Census 2011]:

84.9

Birth Rate (Per 1000) [2014]:

22.4

Death Rate (Per 1000) [2014]:

7.2

BPL Population [Tendulkar Methodology (2011-12)]

31.98

Per Capita NSDP at Current Price (in Rs.) [2015-16(Q)]:

60952

Per Capita GSDP at Current Price (in Rs.) [2015-16(Q)]:

67742

Revenue Receipts (Rs. in Lakh) [2016-17(BE)]:

6617988

Central Taxes:

1893828

State Taxes:

1563430

Non-tax Revenue (Collected by the State):

584652

Grants-in-aid:

2576078

Revenue Expenditure (Rs. in Lakh) [2016-17(BE)]:

6245904

General Services:

2011592

Social and Community Services:

2907793

Economic Services:

1257074

Grants-in-aid & Contribution:

69445

Land Utilisation, (in Hect.) [2014-15(P)]:-

 

Total Reported Area:

7843800

Forest Area:

1852676

Area under Non-agricultural Uses:

2460317

Net Area Sown:

2827324

Total Cropped Area:

4082594

Area under (‘000 Hect) [2015-16(P)]:-

 

Rice:

2485

Wheat:

21

Maize:

28

Pulses:

142

Total Food Grains:

2683

Total Oil Seeds:

330

Production of (‘000 Tonne) [2015-16(P)]:-

 

Rice:

5125

Wheat:

34

Maize:

87

Total Pulses:

108

Total Food Grains:

5359

Total Oil Seeds (Exc. Coconut):

215

Number of Operational Holding [2010-11]:-

 

Marginal (below 1 Hectare):

1831115

Small (1.0 to 2.0 Hectare):

496574

Semi Medium (2.0 to 4.0 Hectare):

303528

Medium (4.0 to 10.0 Hectare):

84869

Large (above 10.0 Hectare):

4137

Average size of Operational Holding (in Hectare):

1.10

Net Irrigated Area (in Hect.):

178651

Gross Irrigated Area (in Hect.):

219016

Production of [2015-16]:-

 

Milk (Million Litres):

888

Egg (Million Nos.):

474

Meat (‘000 Tonnes):

44.81

Veterinary Facilities:-

 

Hospitals:

22

Dispensaries & Block Dispensaries:

436

Key Village Centre:

30

Total Area under Fisheries (Hect.) [2015-16]:

286259

River Fisheries (Km.) [2015-16]:

4820

Production of Fish Seeds (Million Nos.) [2015-16]:

5678.39

Production of Fish (Tonne) [2015-16]:

294200

Area under Reserved Forest (Hect.) [2015-16]:

1397315.87

Number of National Parks:

5

Number of Wildlife Sanctuaries:

18

Installed Capacity of Generating Plant (in M.W.) [2015-16]:

379.7

Gross Unit Generation (M.U.) [2015-16]:

1851.10

Energy Requirement (M.U.) [2015-16]:

7857.00

Availability (M.U.) of Electricity [2015-16]:

7571

% of Villages Electrified:

88

% of Household having Electricity:

37

Production of:-

 

Petroleum (Crude) (‘000 Tonnes) [2015-16]:

4513

Coal (‘000 Tonnes):

397

Lime Stone ('000 Tonnes) [2015-16]:

442

Natural Gas (MCM) [2015-16]:

2903

Registered Factories [2015]:

5799

Workers in Regd. Factories:

219903

Sericulture Villages [2015-16]:

11281

Families Engaged in Sericulture [2015-16]:

496901

Production of Silk Yarn ('000 Kg) [2015-16]:

2712.8

Tea Gardens (Nos.) [2016]:

 

Small Growers:

84577

Big Growers:

767

Area under Tea Cultivation (Hect.) [2016]:

 

Small Growers:

78203

Big Growers:

226197

Production of Tea (‘000 Kg.) [2016]:

642180

Tea Sold in Guwahati Tea Auction Centre (Rs. per Kg.) [2015]:

138.96

Total Vehicles on Road [2015-16]:

2666589

No. of Motor Vehicles per ‘00 Sq. Km. of Geographical Area:

3400

No. of Motor Vehicles per Lakhs of Population [2015-16]:

8547

No. of Post Offices [2015-16]:

4011

P.W.D Road Length (in Km.) [2016]:-

 

Surfaced (Blacktopped):

44862

Un-surfaced:

19316

National Highway:

3862.54

State Highway:

2530

Total P.W.D Road:

44862

Total Road Length (including NH):

48724.54

Railway Route Length (in Km.):-

 

Broad gauge:

2400.85

Meter gauge:

41.72

All Scheduled Commercial Banks (reporting) [2016]:-

 

Total Offices (Nos.):

2177

Total Deposit (Rs. in Crore):

103794

Total Credit (Rs. in Crore):

42671

Credit Deposit Ratio:

41.10

Population Covered per Bank office (‘000 Person):

14

No. of Institution [2015-16]:-

 

Lower Primary:

40480

Upper Primary:

11591

High and Higher Secondary:

8241

College for General Education:

344

Junior College:

657

College for Professional Education:

 

Agriculture & Forestry:

2

Technology and Engg. College:

18

Medical College (Homeo/Ayurvedic/Dental etc.):

11

Enrolment (in Nos.):-

 

Lower Primary:

2925349

Upper Primary:

1452778

High and Higher Secondary:

1150746

Drop out Rate:-

 

Lower Primary (%):

15.4

Upper Primary (%):

10.5

Civil Hospitals [2015-16]:

25

Sub-divisional Civil Hospitals:

13

Primary Health Centres:

1014

Community Health Centres:

151

Infant Mortality Rate (Per ‘000):

49

Neo-Natal Mortality Rate (Per '000):

26

Under Five Mortality Rate (Per '000):

66

No. of Co-operative Societies [2014-15]:

9222

No. of Job Card issued (MGNREGA) [2014-15]:

4588555

No. of Household provided 100 days Employment [2015-16]:

42362

Employment Generated (Lakh mandays):

486.43

 

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