Vertical Health Programs

Description

National Iodine Deficiency Disease Control Programme:

The National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control Programme (NIDDCP) is implemented in order to prevent, control and eliminate these disorders and to provide assistance to the States for Setting up IDD Cell and IDD monitoring laboratories for ensuring quality control of iodized salt and for monitoring urinary iodine excretion. Survey of goitre and health education activities is also conducted through the Programme.

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National Programme for Prevention & Control of Fluorosis:

The National Programme for Prevention & Control of Fluorosis aims to Prevent and Control of Fluorosis among the population affected as well population of unaffected areas.

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National Programme for control of Deafness:

Hearing loss is the most common sensory deficit in human today. Currently there are 291 per one lakh population who are suffering from severe to profound hearing loss, of these a large percentage are Children between the ages of 0 to 14 years. It amounts to a severe loss of productivity, both physical and economic.

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National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme:

To bring down annual incidence of malaria, Dengue & Chikungunya, Japanese Encephalitis, Kala Azar and elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis.

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National Leprosy Eradication Programme:

The National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP) is a Centrally Sponsored Health Scheme and it has been implemented with the major objective of reducing the disease burden, prevention of disability and to improve awareness among the mass about Leprosy and its curability. Multi Drug Therapy (MDT) is an important instrument to reduce the burden of active cases of Leprosy. Vertical services have been integrated into the General Health Care Services following which Leprosy services are being provided through all the Govt. Hospitals, Primary Health Centers and other Health Care institutions with the help of MDT services free of cost. Diagnosis is being done free of cost for treatment with MDT.

Though Assam has achieved the 'Elimination' status, a large number of new Leprosy cases are being detected yearly.

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National Programme for Control of Blindness:

National Programme for Control of Blindness was launched in the year 1976 as a 100% Centrally Sponsored scheme with the goal to reduce the prevalence of blindness from 1.4% to 0.3%. As per Survey in 2001-02, prevalence of blindness is estimated to be 1.1%. Rapid Survey on Avoidable Blindness conducted under NPCB during 2006-07 showed reduction in the prevalence of blindness from 1.1% (2001-02) to 1% (2006-07). Various activities/initiatives undertaken during the Five Year Plans under NPCB are targeted towards achieving the goal of reducing the prevalence of blindness to 0.3% by the year 2020.

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National Tobacco Control Programme:

National Tobacco Control Program was launched in October’ 2007. At present NTCP in Assam is functioning in the State capital, Kamrup (M) and Jorhat District. On April 2012, the program came under the administrative management of Directorate of Health Services.

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National Oral Health Programme:

The program was included in PIP during 26-5-2014. The districts selected in Assam are Barpeta and Kamrup.

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National Mental Health Programme:

It was identified that approximately 6 percent of general population suffer from neuropsychological problem requiring medical care. An analysis has indicated that the incidence will increase to 15 percent by 2020.This population is scattered all over the state and the health care services must reach to the grassroots to cover this population.

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Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme:

Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP) was first implemented in Dibrugarh district of Assam during the year 1998-99. After the successful implementation in Dibrugarh district, RNTCP programme now covers all the 27 district of Assam. Currently, there are 150 numbers of Tuberculosis Unit (TU) and 350 numbers of Designated Microscopy Centres (DMC) to control Tuberculosis in Assam. More than 7,000 DOT Centers are running in the state for providing Directly Observed Treatment (DOT)to the TB patients.

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