The State of Assam has numerous temples and monuments, which stands witness to the great historical and cultural past dating back to the medieval days. Many ancient Hindu temples of Assam have some root in mythological legends. Assam is the land of Vaishnava Gurus like Sankardeva and Madhavdeva and you will find various temples devoted to various Gods. Some of the popular Temples in Assam are:
The Kamakhya Temple, situated on the Nilachal Hill in western part of Guwahati city in Assam is one of the oldest of the 51 Shakti Peethas in India. The main temple is surrounded by individual temples dedicated to the ten Mahavidyas: Kali, Tara, Sodashi, Bhuvaneshwari, Bhairavi, Chhinnamasta, Dhumavati, Bagalamukhi, Matangi and Kamalatmika.
Being the centre for Tantra worship this temple attracts thousands of tantra devotees in an annual festival known as the Ambubachi Mela. Another annual celebration is the Manasha Puja. Durga Puja is also celebrated annually at Kamakhya during Navaratri in the autumn. This five-day festival attracts several thousand visitors.
Negheriting Shiva Doul:
The Negheriting Shiva Doul is situated on a hillock at about one and half km north from the National Highway 37 in the Golaghat district of Assam.
The temple was first constructed by the Kacharis during 8th – 9th century AD. However, it was destroyed many times in natural calamities and the present form of the temple was built by the Ahom king Rajeswar Singha. The beautifully decorated Shiva Doul is bordered by four small Douls in the four corners. The Shiva Doul comprises the 'Bana linga' that is some 3ft in diameter, whereas, the smaller douls are devoted to Ganesh, Vishnu, Durga and Surya.
The SivaDol, located on the banks of the Borpukhuri, in the heart of Sivasagar is a group of structures comprising three Hindu temples of SivaDol, VishnuDol and DeviDol shrines, and a museum. The Siva Dol is devoted to Lord Shiva, the Vishnu Dol is devoted to Lord Vishnu and the Devi Dol is devoted to the Goddess Durga.
The height of the Siva Dol is 104 feet and the base of the temple measures 195 feet in circumference. It is crowned with an 8-foot high golden-dome.
Every year, during the Mahashivaratri, a huge fair is organized in the Shiva temple and pilgrims visit from all parts of India to offer puja. During the Hindu month of Sawan (August- September), Hare Krishna kirtan, chanting of the Hare Krishna mantra, is conducted all through the night, which is also a major attraction for the devotees.
The Dol Yatra and Rath Yatra are two annual festivals celebrated at Vishnu Dol. Durga Puja is celebrated every year with great fervour during September–October at Devidol.
Kedareswar temple is asignificant medieval temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, constructed by the Ahom King Rajeswar Singha in the year 1753. The temple is located on the top of Madanchala Hillock in Hajoabout 32Km from Guwahati, Assam. This is one of the rare Svyambhu (self-originated) linga in the Ardhnareswar (male & female) form of Lord Shiva. The ‘linga’ is kept covered by a metal bowl by the priests.