The National Register of Citizens (NRC) is the register containing names of Indian Citizens. The only time that a National Register of Citizens (NRC) was prepared was in 1951 when after the conduct of the Census of 1951, the NRC was prepared by recording particulars of all the persons enumerated during that Census. The NRC will be now updated to include the names of those persons (or their descendants) who appear in the NRC, 1951, or in any of the Electoral Rolls up to the midnight of 24th March, 1971 or in any one of the other admissible documents issued up to midnight of 24th March, 1971, which would prove their presence in Assam or in any part of India on or before 24th March, 1971.
All the names appearing in the NRC, 1951, or any of the Electoral Rolls up to the midnight of 24th March 1971 together are called Legacy Data. Thus, there will be two requirements for inclusion in updated NRC –
1. Existence of a person’s name in the pre-1971 period &
2. Proving linkage with that person.
Forgetting their names included in the updated NRC, citizens shall have to submit Applications Forms (family-wise). Application Forms received by Government shall be verified and based on the results of verification of particulars submitted by the citizens in their Application Forms; the updated NRC shall be prepared.
However, to afford another opportunity to the applicants before publication of the final NRC, a draft NRC shall be published after verification of the Application Forms and the citizens are given chance to submit claims, objections, corrections etc. After verification of all such claims and objections, the final NRC would be published.
The provisions governing NRC update in Assam are The Citizenship Act, 1955, and The Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity cards) Rules,2003.
The modalities for NRC updating have been developed jointly by the Government of Assam and the Government of India in adherence to these statutes.
Phases of NRC:
The entire process of NRC Updating consists of following phases:
1. Legacy Data Publication Phase
2. Application Form Distribution & Receipt Phase
3. Verification Phase
4. Publication of NRC Part Draft
5. Complete NRC Draft Publication & Receipt of Claims and Objections Phase
6. Final NRC Publication.
Official Website of NRC, Assam: